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Age Related Macular Degeneration is the third most common eye disease according to World Health Organization / WHO.

Age Related Macular Degeneration is a group of disorders of the human eye. Therefore the damage could be on the macula lutea ("the point of sharpest vision") or called "yellow spot", too. The retina can also be affected and may be accompanied by a gradual loss of function and view.


Healthy Eye


Age Related Macular Degeneration

Progressive disease results in the death of retinal cells and the vision in the central visual field will be reduced. By far the most common form of Age Related Macular Degeneration is the age-related (or senile) macular degeneration (ARMD), which can start from the age of 50 onwards. Between the ages of 65 to 74 years old, one in ten of us will suffer from macular degeneration. Between the ages of 75 to 84 years old, one third of us will suffer from ARMD.


Possible potential causes:

  1. Increased age
  2. UVC, UVB, UVA, blue light and infrared radiation
  3. The increasing depletion of the ozone layer between 10-30%
  4. Smoking
  5. Blue eyes
  6. Females have a higher incidence
  7. Poor, inadequate or unbalanced diet
  8. After cataract surgery
  9. DNA assessment

For ARMD, increasing age is certainly one of the main reasons. People are living longer and when coupled with poor diet and a lack of antioxidants such as Lutein and Zeanxanthin. Antioxidants are found in kale, broccoli, tomatoes and many other foods. Omega 3 is available in fish. Zinc, Vitamin C, Vitamin B complex, beta-carotene all help in the support of your eyes. It is vitally important to the body to get the nutrients mentioned above in the right quantities during the course of our lifetime. An active lifestyle and physical activity is also important. ARMD is the cause of approximately 32% of new cases of blindness, followed by Glaucoma and Diabetic retinopathy which account for about 16% of new cases.


There are two types of ARMD - dry and wet age-related macular degeneration.

Dry Age Related Macular Degeneration

The Dry ARMD (atrophic) form occurs in about 80% of the cases and is the cause of approximately 5 to 10% cases of blindness. It begins with deposits called druses (deposits of extracellular material below the retina). Their progress is often slow and insidious. This makes itself noticeable through distorted vision.

Sehstärke Picture 1

Wet Age Related Macular Degeneration

The wet (exudative) macular degeneration, is building under the retina surface vessel membranes (choroid neovascularization, CNV), which are prone to bleeding and are a form of macular degeneration, which leads quicker to blindness due it is the more advanced ARMD.

Picture 2


From the age of 40 onwards we recommend that you get your eyes checked regularly by your eye doctor. A fast and fairly reliable way is to try the Amsler Grid Test for your eyes below. If the lines are no longer straight contact your Doctor immediately. Please note however, that this test will never replace the recommended eye check by a specialist.
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Our highly effective sunglasses aim to postpone ARMD as far as possible and to protect your eyes against UVC, UVB, UVA, blue light + infrared with our unique filter. Our CARUSO filter prevents visible blue light from passing through your eye to the macular and retina. The blue light has about 3 times as much energy when compared to the red or yellow colour spectrum.

Find out more about our Pilot Sunglasses.

Our glasses can also be equipped with integrated reading sections. In addition, we also offer real dioptre lenses with our CR747 Optical Line Pilot sunglasses. These are available in single vision for eyeglass wearers, bifocal or progressive lenses. Our technologies are patent pending and patented in some countries.